Disease-related Malnutrition: The Facts

Malnutrition is an important and preventable, global, clinical problem. Identifying patients at risk of malnutrition is the essential first step of management. As such, this section highlights at-risk patient groups, along with facts and figures regarding the prevalence of malnutrition and its effects on patient outcomes. Tools and resources to aid in the accurate diagnosis of malnutrition are also provided.

Prevalence

Malnutrition has been shown to be prevalent in pediatric and adult patients with a variety of different diseases and conditions. Details of the prevalence of malnutrition in different patient populations are provided.

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The Clinical Impact of Malnutrition

Malnutrition describes a deficiency or imbalance of energy, protein and other nutrients that cause adverse effects on tissue, body shape, size and composition, and function and clinical outcome. Details of the clinical impact of malnutrition in different patient populations are provided.

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Identifying Malnutrition

Historically, there has been no clear consensus on how malnutrition should be defined. Criteria and tools for nutrition screening and assessment in pediatric and adult patients are described.

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